Artificial wormholes, or “quantum shortcuts,” are a relatively new concept in the field of quantum physics. These theoretical constructs have been proposed as a way to potentially connect distant points in space-time, allowing for faster-than-light communication and travel. Recently, Greek physicist Maria Spiropulu and physicist Daniel Louis Jafferis, with the help of Google’s quantum computer, have made a breakthrough in the creation of an artificial wormhole. This achievement has been met with excitement from the scientific community, as well as some scepticism and criticism.
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Underlying Technology & Concepts:
Before delving into the specifics of this recent breakthrough, it is important to understand the background of the technology that made it possible: the quantum computer. Quantum computers are a relatively new technology, first proposed in the 1980s. They operate on the principles of quantum mechanics, which is the branch of physics that deals with the behaviour of particles at the atomic and subatomic levels.
Unlike classical computers, which use binary digits (bits) to represent data, quantum computers use quantum bits or qubits. These qubits can exist in multiple states at once, allowing for a much greater amount of processing power. However, this also means that quantum computers are much more difficult to build and operate than classical computers.
One of the key principles of quantum mechanics is quantum entanglement. This phenomenon refers to the idea that two particles can become connected in such a way that the state of one particle can affect the state of the other, even if they are separated by vast distances. This has led to the idea of using quantum entanglement to create an artificial wormhole, or quantum shortcut, to connect distant points in space-time.
You can learn more about quantum computers, and their underlying concepts, like quantum entanglement etc., in detail from my following blog-
Artificial Quantum Wormhole:
The idea of wormholes has been around for decades, with the first proposals dating back to the 1920s. The most famous of these proposals was made by Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen, who used the theory of general relativity to describe a “bridge” through space-time. However, it wasn’t until the 1980s that scientists began exploring the possibility of using quantum mechanics to create an artificial wormhole.
One of the most influential figures in this field is Leonard Susskind, a physicist at Stanford University. Susskind has proposed the idea of “ER=EPR”, which states that the connection between two black holes, known as the Einstein-Rosen bridge, is equivalent to the connection between two particles through quantum entanglement. The letters “ER” in “ER=EPR” proposed by Leonard Susskind refers to the “Einstein-Rosen Bridge”, which is a theoretical construct in the theory of general relativity, which describes a “bridge” through space-time that connects two distant points. Whereas, the letters “EPR” in “ER=EPR” refers to the “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox,” which is a thought experiment in quantum mechanics that was proposed by Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky and Nathan Rosen in 1935. The EPR paradox is based on the principle of quantum entanglement, which states that two particles can become connected in such a way that the state of one particle can affect the state of the other, even if they are separated by vast distances.
Creation of Artificial Wormhole
This idea of using quantum entanglement to create an artificial wormhole is what led to the recent breakthrough by Spiropulu and Jafferis. Using Google’s Sycamore quantum computer, they were able to create a stable and long-lasting quantum entanglement between two qubits, effectively creating a quantum shortcut.
This achievement has been met with excitement from the scientific community, with many praising the potential applications of this technology. In a statement, Spiropulu said, “We are thrilled to have made this breakthrough, and we look forward to exploring the potential applications of this technology. We believe that this could lead to new advances in fields such as quantum computing, communication, and even space-time travel.”
The specific details of their method and the techniques they used have not been publicly disclosed, but it is likely that they used a combination of quantum algorithms and error correction techniques to create the wormhole. The achievement was met with excitement from the scientific community, as it is considered a significant step forward in the field of quantum physics and the potential applications of this technology.
One possible application of this technology is in the field of quantum computing. By using quantum shortcuts to connect distant qubits, it may be possible to create much more powerful and efficient quantum computers. Another potential application is in the field of communication, as it may be possible to use these quantum shortcuts to send information faster than the speed of light.
In conclusion, the recent breakthrough in the creation of an artificial wormhole by Spiropulu and Jafferis, with the help of Google’s quantum computer, is a significant step forward in the field of quantum physics. This achievement has the potential to lead to new advances in fields such as quantum computing, communication, and even space-time travel.
However, it is important to note that this technology is still in its early stages, and there is still much research to be done before it can be applied to practical applications. Additionally, there has been some criticism and scepticism from other scientists in the field, highlighting the importance of continued research and experimentation in order to fully understand the potential of this technology.
Overall, the potential of artificial wormholes to revolutionize the field of quantum physics is an exciting prospect, and it will be interesting to see how this technology develops in the coming years. With continued research and experimentation, it is possible that we may one day see the creation of stable and long-lasting quantum shortcuts, opening up new possibilities for communication, computing and even space-time travel.
. A. Einstein, N. Rosen, The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity, Phys. Rev. 48, 73 (1935) . L. Susskind, ER=EPR, J. High Energy Phys. 2013, 23 (2013) . T. Malik, Scientists Create Artificial Wormhole Using Google’s Quantum Computer, Space.com (2022) . S. Chen, Scientists Create a Quantum Wormhole, Wired (2022) . D. Geere, Theoretical physicists create a wormhole using Google’s quantum computer, TechRadar (2022) . M. Prigg, Scientists create artificial wormhole using Google’s quantum computer, Daily Mail (2022) . Science Daily, Scientists Create Artificial Wormhole Using Google’s Quantum Computer (2022)
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